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SOMETHING TO THINK ABOUT It takes time to succeed because success is merely the natural reward of taking time to do anything well.
Introduction Acquired brain injury is damage to the brain due to an injury or illness that is not inherited and not something that a person is born with. Medical problems such as a stroke, disease, a brain tumor, or lack of oxygen can cause acquired brain injury (The Perspectives Network, 2002).
Sometimes brain injury is the result of trauma. The cause could be a motor vehicle accident, a blow to the head during a fight, a sports accident, or a fall. This type of acquired brain injury is called traumatic brain injury (TBI) (Brain Injury Association of America [BIAUSA], 1999). These terms can be confusing and different organizations may use slightly different definitions for them. This education program will concentrate on TBI and the care of clients following a TBI.
INCIDENCE Brain injuries are very common.
Brain injury can cause little or no permanent damage or it can leave a person with serious and permanent disabilities. Up to 40% of clients with mild TBI suffer from some type of impairment that lasts for one year or longer (Pickett, W., Ardern, C., & Brison, R., 2001).
- Over 50,000 Canadians sustain brain injuries each year (Brain Injury Association Network [BIAN], 1996).
- It is estimated that 5.3 million Americans live with disabilities caused by brain injury (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control [NCIPC], 1999).
- Over 50,000 clients die from TBI each year (National Institutes of Health [NIH] Consensus Development Conference Statement, 1998).
RISK FACTORS AND CAUSES Outlined below are facts about the risk factors and causes of TBI (NIH, 1998):