New York State Mandatory Infection Control Training
In 1992 New York State passed legislation that required certain licensed healthcare professionals to complete and attest to training on infection control and barrier precautions. Chapter 786 of the Laws of 1992 mandates that training be completed and repeated every four years by:
It should also be noted that the New York State Board of Regents amended the Regents Rules and expanded the definition of unprofessional conduct to include failure to follow appropriate infection prevention techniques in healthcare practice. The New York State Department of Health adopted similar regulations. As required by Chapter 786 of the Laws of 1992, failure to adhere to infection control standards can be considered evidence of professional misconduct and could lead to disciplinary action.
- Dental hygienists
- Licensed practical nurses
- Physician assistants
- Registered professional nurses
- Specialist assistants
The Patient Safety Act was passed in 2008 and that law added requirements that the following professionals must also complete the training:
- Medical students
- Interns and residents
Beginning in September 2008, courses must address specified updates for Elements III and V. These updates primarily concern injection techniques and equipment reprocessing updates.
There are six core elements that must be included in the infection control training; they will be covered in this course. After the initial infection control education is completed, a course including the six core elements (as originally developed and as revised in the legislation of 2008) or education specific to the professional?s practice will satisfy the mandatory requirement each four years thereafter. The training must be provided by an organization specifically approved by the New York State Education Department or New York State Department of Health to do so.
CEU4U has been approved by the New York State Education Department to provide this course for nurses, physicians, dentists, dental hygienists, optometrists, physician assistants, podiatrists, and special assistants. Satisfactory completion will meet the New York State requirements for infection control education every four years.
CEU4U is approved as a provider (OH-218/10/01/2009) of continuing nursing education by the Ohio Nurses Association which is accredited by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's (ANCC) Commission on Accreditation.
All ANCC accredited organizations' contact hours are recognized by all other ANCC accredited organizations. Most states with mandatory continuing education requirements recognize the ANCC accreditation/approval system. Questions about the acceptance of ANCC contact hours to meet mandatory regulations should be directed to the professional licensing board within that state.
CEU4U has been granted provider status by the Florida State Board of Nursing as a provider of continuing education in nursing and is listed with CEBroker (Provider Provider # 50-3388-1).
Infection Control for Healthcare Professionals
News reports and magazine articles are filled with reports of infectious diseases and how easily and quickly they can be spread among the general population. An epidemic of swine flu is currently sweeping the world ? there is fear that we are on the brink of a global pandemic! April 29, 2009 press conferences with the U.S. Secretary of Health and Human Services and the Director of the Centers for Disease Control both emphasized the importance of combating the spread of swine flu with the very basic infection control procedures that are discussed in this course.
In addition to public exposures, there are also many reports about the dangers of contacting infections in hospitals, long term care facilities, and medical offices. Lay media and professional publications stress the value of using infection control practices to reduce the spread of these infections. Both anecdotes and research demonstrate that the most effective way to prevent infection in patients, workers, and visitors is to utilize infection control practices consistently and completely. There are standards in place to identify risks, monitor compliance, and quantify infection rates. Research clearly identifies relationships and demonstrates that the most effective way to prevent nosocomial infections and occupationally acquired infections is to use sound implement infection control procedures.
Scarcely a day goes by without some news item about "hospitals killing patients." The general public is inundated with stories about the spread of infection caused by improper procedures or carelessness demonstrated by healthcare workers. For instance, the January 2007 issue of the AARP Bulletin headlined its article, "Dirty Hospitals." That article claimed that two million patients are infected in hospitals each year and more than 90,000 die. While stories may be exaggerations in many cases, there is no doubt that nosocomial infections do occur, do cause pain, suffering, even death, and cost millions of dollars. It is also important to note that the spread of infections and communicable diseases among the workers themselves is of great concern, too. The same knowledge and practices that protect patients will protect the workers! So what can be done? How can each healthcare worker protect him or her self and their patients?
None of this is new ? and the need for healthcare professionals to do all they can to prevent and reduce the spread of infection is not new either! As stated earlier, New York State legislators enacted Chapter 786 of the Laws of 1992 and established a requirement that licensed healthcare professionals practicing in New York had to complete infection control training by July 1994 and every four years thereafter. The Patient Safety Act of 2008 revised the training curriculum somewhat and added medical students, interns, and residents to the list of health care professionals required to complete the training.
The overall goals of the infection control training were specified in the law.
- Assure that licensed, registered, or certified healthcare professionals understand how bloodborne pathogens are transmitted patient to healthcare worker, healthcare worker to patient, and patient to patient.
- Apply current scientifically accepted infection control principles as appropriate for the workplace.
- Minimize opportunity for transmission of pathogens to patients and workers.
- Familiarize professionals with the law requiring this training and the professional misconduct charges that may be applicable for not complying with the law.
There are six core elements that must be included in the NYS mandatory training. These core elements provide essential information and facts that form the basis of infection control and disease prevention.
Core Elements of Mandatory infection Control Training
Element I. The professional responsibility to adhere to
infection control principles and practice and to insure that any persons
under one?s supervision also follow them
Element II. Modes and mechanisms of transmission of pathogenic
organisms in the healthcare setting and strategies for prevention and
Element III. The use of engineering and work practice controls to
prevent patient and healthcare worker contact with potentially infectious
Element IV. The selection and use of barriers and personal
Element V. The creation and maintenance of a safe environment
for patient care in all healthcare settings through application of infection
control principles and practices for cleaning, disinfection, and
Element VI. The prevention and management of communicable diseases
in healthcare workers.